I just finished reading Lois Tverberg’s Walking in the Dust of Rabbi Jesus and came across her definition of “Shabbat” (or Sabbath) as literally meaning “cease”. That helps me understand better how the ancient Israelites would have looked on their day of rest.
Soon after, I read Keri Wyatt Kent’s entry on “manna” in Deeper Into the Word. She pointed out that through the instruction to gather only enough manna for a single day Israel learned to trust God for their daily needs. They also learned that if they took too much, it turned rotten by the next morning. Yet there was one day that they could gather a double amount: on Friday mornings they were to get enough for Friday and Saturday both, because Saturday was the Sabbath and there would be no manna to gather. After all, they were to cease from work on Shabbat and gathering manna is a type of harvesting or work.
Keri then pointed out that when Jesus fed the five thousand by multiplying the loaves and fish, his watchers would probably have remembered Moses and the manna. They would have remembered that just as God fed his hungry people when they were wandering in the wilderness, Jesus fed the hungry multitude who had gathered to hear him in a remote place far from a market and home.
I noticed a distinct difference, though. When the people had finished eating, Jesus’ disciples gathered 12 baskets of extra food yet, unlike manna, it did not spoil. Instead, much like the two days’ worth of manna gathered for both Friday and Shabbat, this food was wholesome. Why was there extra food? I think it’s because there’s a connection between Shabbat and the bread that Jesus multiplied.
Here’s where it comes together: Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath, and in him we find our Sabbath rest; nothing goes bad in Jesus because everything that he creates is good; Jesus provides not only what we need, but does it richly and abundantly.
No wonder Jesus, soon after feeding the five thousand, explained:
I am the bread of life. Your ancestors ate the manna in the wilderness, yet they died. But here is the bread that comes down from heaven, which anyone may eat and not die. I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats this bread will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world. (John 6:48-51.)
The very Bread of Heaven sustains us and gives us rest from our struggles. Amen.
Do you find it easy or hard to rest in Jesus? What does that say about your understanding of God?